eSwatini (Swaziland)

General Information

  • Area: Approximately 17 400 km2
  • Population: 1.4 million
  • Capital: Mbabane
  • Currency: Mbabane
  • GDP:  $ 6 billion (2010)
  • Domain name extension: .sz
  • Languages: English, Swazi (official languages)
  • Exports: Soft drink concentrates; sugar; wood pulp; cotton yarn; citrus and canned fruit; refrigerators
  • Imports:  Motor vehicles; machinery; transport equipment; foodstuffs; petroleum products; chemicals

International / Regional conventions:

  • Banjul Protocol (of ARIPO)
  • Berne Convention
  • Madrid Agreement  on Marks
  • Madrid Protocol on Marks
  • Paris Convention
  • Patent Cooperation Treaty
  • WIPO Convention

Trade Mark Information

International and Regional Arrangements:

Madrid Agreement:      Yes

Paris Union:                Yes

Types of Trade Marks:

Goods and services

Series marks

No provision for defensive marks


The International Classification of Goods and Services (Nice Classification) is applied.

Filing Requirements:

Particulars of Applicant (name, address and nationality)

Simply signed Power of Attorney

Representation of the mark

List of goods and / or services

Certified copy of the priority document


The trade mark is registered 10 years from the filing date

Renewable every 10 years

Patent Information

International and Regional Arrangements:

Paris Convention:  Yes

PCT:  Yes

ARIPO:  Yes (see ARIPO requirements for designating eSwatini in an ARIPO application)


Other:  A granted UK patent automatically extends to eSwatini without the need for local registration. A patent may also be obtained by registering a granted South African patent in eSwatini

Filing Requirements:

For registration of a granted South African patent

Certified copy of the South African patent (required on the day of filing)

Power of Attorney, simply signed (no set deadline)

For a convention or PCT application

The law has not yet been amended to provide for these Although ARIPO applications designating eSwatini are filed and accepted, there is no guarantee that an ARIPO patent will be enforceable in eSwatini

Excess Fees:
Term of Patent:
A patent based on a South African or UK patent remains in force for so long as the South African or UK patent remains in force. The term of an ARIPO patent designating eSwatini is 20 years from the effective filing date
No renewal fees are payable for a UK patent. For a patent based on a granted South African patent, renewal fees are payable on the same date as South African renewal fees fall due, i.e. annually on the anniversary of the effective filing date