South Africa

General Information

• Area: Approximately 1 220 000 km2
• Population: 50 million
• Capital: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative)
• Currency: Rand = 100 cents
• GDP: $ 527.5 billion (2010)
• Domain name extension: .za
• Languages: 11 official languages: English, Afrikaans, Ndebele, North Sotho, Sesotho, Swazi, Tswana, Tsonga, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu • Exports: Gold; other minerals and metals; foods; chemicals; manufactured goods
• Imports: Machinery; transport equipment; chemicals; textiles; scientific instruments; petroleum products

International / Regional conventions:

• Berne Convention
• Budapest Treaty
• Paris Convention
• Patent Cooperation Treaty
• UPOV Convention for New Varieties of Plants
• WIPO Convention

Trade Mark Information

International and Regional Arrangements:

Madrid Agreement: No
Paris Union: Yes

Types of Trade Marks:

Goods and services
Collective marks
Certification marks
No provision for defensive marks or series marks


The International Classification of Goods and Services (Nice Classification) is applied.

Filing Requirements:

Particulars of Applicant (name, address and nationality)
Simply signed Power of Attorney
Representation of the mark List of goods and / or services Certified copy of the priority document


The trade mark is registered 10 years from the filing date

Renewable every 10 years

Patent Information

International and Regional Arrangements:

Paris Convention:  Yes

PCT:  Yes (national phase deadline is 31 months from the priority date)



Filing Requirements:

Specification, abstract and drawings if non-PCT, in any language (required on day of filing)

Power of Attorney, simply signed (can be filed within 6 months)

Statement on the Use of Indigenous Biological Resources, Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge or Use, simply signed (can be filed within 6 months)

Assignment of Invention, simply signed (only if an article 4.17 declaration was not filed during the international phase)

English translation of specification, claims and abstract (only if the application not originally in English), including any Article 19 or 34 amendments (can be filed within 3 months)

Certified priority document (only if not lodged in the international phase)

Absolute novelty is required
Methods of medical treatment, surgery or diagnosis are not patentable
Excess Fees:
Term of Patent:
20 years from the effective filing date
Payable annually in advance from the third anniversary of the effective filing date, but only after grant of the patent