General Information

  • Area: Approximately 238 500 km2
  • Population: 24.3 million
  • Capital: Accra
  • Currency:  Cedi
  • GDP:  $ 38.24 billion (2010)
  • Domain name extension: .gh
  • Languages: English (official language)
  • Exports: Cocoa; gold; timber; manganese; bauxite; aluminium; diamonds; tuna
  • Imports: Capital equipment; petroleum; consumer goods; food; intermediate goods

International / Regional conventions:

  • Berne Convention
  • Hague Agreement on Designs
  • Madrid Protocol on Marks
  • Paris Convention
  • Patent Cooperation Treaty
  • WIPO Convention
  • WIPO Copyright Treaty

Trade Mark Information

International and Regional Arrangements:

Madrid Agreement:      Yes

Paris Union:                Yes

Types of Trade Marks:

Goods and services

Collective marks


The International Classification of Goods and Services (Nice Classification) is applied.

Filing Requirements:

Particulars of Applicant (name, address and nationality)

Simply signed Power of Attorney

Representation of the mark

List of goods and / or services

Certified copy of the priority document


The trade mark is registered 10 years from the filing date

Renewable every 10 years

Patent Information

International and Regional Arrangements:

Paris Convention:  Yes

PCT:  Yes (national phase deadline is 30 months from the priority date)

ARIPO:  Yes (see ARIPO requirements for designating Ghana in an ARIPO application)


Filing Requirements:

Published PCT Application and English translation thereof, or English specification, claims and abstract if non-PCT (required on the day of filing)

Power of Attorney, simply signed (no set deadline)

Assignment of Invention, simply signed (no set deadline)

International Search Report and International Preliminary Examination Report (no set deadline)

Certified priority document and verified English translation if not in English (if not filed during the international phase) (no set deadline)

Absolute novelty is required.
Methods of medical treatment, surgery or diagnosis are not patentable
Excess Fees:
Applications are subjected to substantive examination. A notification will be issued by the Patent Office setting a deadline for requesting examination
Term of Patent:
20 years from the effective filing date
Payable annually in advance from the first anniversary of the effective filing date